Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is concentrated blood plasma which contains approximately three to five times the number of platelets found in normal circulating blood. In addition, it contains platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor (TGF) and other bioactive proteins that aid in wound healing and possibly hair growth.
PRP , also termed as autologous platelet gel (meaning it comes from patient’s own body) platelet rich in growth factors (PRGF),platelet concentrate (PC), is essentially an increased concentration of autologous platelets suspended in a small amount of plasma after centrifugation.
Blood consists of approximately 93% red blood cells (RBC),1% white blood cells (WBC) and 6% platelets suspended in plasma. In PRP – the RBC count in lowered to 5% since they are less useful in healing process, while platelet count is increased to 94%.
Blood is withdrawn from a patient’s arm by syringe. The vacuum tubes containing withdrawn blood are placed in a centrifuge and spun using a carefully determined protocol predictable and efficient compact systems to develop PRP which are available commercially. (EG: Regen Lab, Switzerland, Plasmolifting, Russia are used at the office)
PRP effects soft tissue healing via growth factors released after platelet degranulation.
Hair loss disorders (Eg: Androgenic alopecia (balding)] PRP has been shown to reinvigorate dormant hair follicles and stimulate new hair growth. It is delivered to the affected area by microinjection or by microneedling.
PRP can treat open pores, wrinkles, discoloration, and photo damage.
PRP can be combined with derma rollers and fractional laser resurfacing to improve cosmetic appearance of scars.